Unprotected s_ex is s_exual intercourse without the use of a barrier method of contraception. This can be either the male or the female condom. Unprotected s exual intercourse increases the risk of contacting/ transmitting HIV, STD and unwanted pregnancy. In this article, we will review on things you must do if you have unprotected s ex.
#1:. Take Emergency contraceptive pills
This is one of the surest ways of preventing unwanted pregnancy after having unprotected s exual intercourse. You will have to take emergency contraceptives in form of emergency contraceptives pills. Emergency contraceptive pills also referred to as morning after pills are is used to prevent pregnancy.
There can be obtained with a doctor’s prescription or as an over the counter drug (OTC) in drug stores. A commonly used form of EC is Postinor 2® which is taken within 72 hours after having unprotected s exual intercourse. It contains Levonorgestrel which is a synthetic form of a female reproductive hormone that prevents implantation hence pregnancy doesn’t occur.
#2:. Ask for an Intra-Uterine Device (IUD)
If after 72 hours, then you must contact your health care provider for an emergency IUD. IUD is tiny rod-like devices inserted into the uterus (womb) by your doctor. There distort cervical mucus and prevents the implantation of the egg.
If inserted properly and within 5 days, it is highly effective with an efficacy rate of about 98%. It is important to note that EC and IUD don’t give any protection nor prevent STD and HIV infection.
#3:. Test for STD and HIV
Fears of infection with STD or the dreaded killer disease HIV is heightened after unprotected s exual intercourse. It is mandatory that you test to screen for STD and HIV. If possible, such test should be conducted with your s exual partner. STD to be tested for includes Hepatitis B and C, gonorrhea, syphilis and chlamydia.
This can be carried out with blood samples or via a vag inal/ penile swab. However, results gotten from an early test are inconclusive hence test must be repeated after 6 months for cases of HIV and Hepatitis. Testing after having unprotected s exual intercourse allays fear/ anxiety and increases the chance of early diagnosis, prevention and treatment of s exually transmitted disease.
#4:. Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP)
PEP is essential after a high risk unprotected s exual intercourse. This includes cases of rape by an unknown assailant, s exual intercourse with an individual living with HIV or unprotected s exual intercourse with a partner with known multiple s exual partners. You must visit a health facility that provides such services and after counseling and series of test, you will be commenced on PEP for a duration of one month.
The drugs have been noted to be 99% effective in preventing HIV if commenced within 72 hours. PEP provides protection against HIV but not to other STD. However, you will have to do another HIV test after 6 months to be declared free from the deadly disease.
#5:. Keep calm and watch for symptoms
Unprotected s ex may happen unexpectedly or as a result of carelessness from both partners. Once it has occurred, there is little of no need for panic. You should keep calm and watch out for symptoms after undergoing the initial screening test for STD and HIV. Symptoms make take 2 weeks or more to manifest.
If after unprotected s ex, you begin to experience vag inal itching, vag inal or penile discharge, severe burning pain on urinating, sores or ulcers around your external genitals